is cheaper than gold by a large margin, and is available in nature as in the market in much more quantities, while the difference in specifications between them and gold, if it remains in the interest, it is not very large, and adding to the above to find silver make way in the era To be much more useful than the uses of gold, so that their presence in our daily lives (albeit in shy and often invisible forms) is what shapes this new life style and quality. We find silver wherever we are, from dental fillings in our mouths to satellites, through most electrical appliances, electronics, building glass, clothing, food and medicine.

    Silver History:

    The Anatolia region of Turkey is the cradle of silver since the fourth millennium BC. Which provided ancient civilizations around the Aegean Sea and the Eastern Mediterranean with their needs of this metal for more than two thousand years. After production in its early stages was limited to the collection of pure or semi-pure silver found in the riverbeds, the Chaldean population (in Turkey now) developed in the early third millennium BC the means of separating silver from lead in the raw materials mixed with these minerals Opening the extraction doors of the mines.
    Around 1200 BC, Lurium mines near Athens became the first product of silver, and some 400 years later, the trade of this metal spread between the Greek islands and North Africa, especially Pharaonic Egypt, as well as the Phoenician coast, which provided enough to be used in industries and fields New than decorative ornaments and tools and medicine, which is the currency of coins and a measure of the value of goods and services.

    Greece remained the largest producer of silver for almost a thousand years, ending in the 4th century BC, but the Carthaginians compensated for the scarcity of Greek mines by investing Spanish mines that led to the production of silver for a thousand years until the Arab conquest of Andalusia.

    The Arabs showed a passion for silver, which led to the growing needs of this metal for the manufacture of ornaments and toiletries. Spanish mines were no longer sufficient to meet demand. They were started to be discovered throughout Europe, and mines that became world famous later were discovered in Germany and Austria, Eastern Europe.

    It is not certain that the production in the Middle Ages was significantly higher than the 1.5 million ounces a year previously produced by the Greek Lurium mines. Although Spanish production prevailed throughout the first millennium AD, it did not disturb the balance between supply and demand, The mines of Greece, the Aegean Sea and Anatolia.

    The Spanish discovery of the New World marked a turning point in the history of silver. After the first century of exploring the new continent, in which they looted the treasures of the indigenous peoples (especially the Aztecs and the Incas) and shipped them to Spain, where they melted to recycle them as silver or goldsmiths, they began to extract silver from Mexico at the beginning of the 16th century. From Bolivia and Peru, so that silver production takes a historic turn because of its proliferation, just as gold production in the world increased after its discovery in California and South Africa.

    Between the early 16th and early 18th centuries, Mexico, Peru and Bolivia accounted for 85% of the world's silver production. To this day, these countries remain at the forefront of the world's silver producers.

    The influx of this rich white metal in Europe has led to the flourishing of its manufacture in the form of decorative tools and the development of the manufacture of food utensils according to various technical schools between France, England, Spain, Russia, Italy and Germany .. It became a requirement of the reign of each of the kings to design these decorative tools according to the technique New and different and special name of the king .. 
    Consumption of silver reached the height of extravagance during the seventeenth century, so that King Louis XIV, for example, when he built the Palace of Versailles, planting orange trees in the palace garden within the aquariums of pure ornamental silver, but the economic crisis that hit later on Era of his successor Louis XV, pushed the treasury officials to smelter these ponds and cut them into coins.

    Silver was also used in the metal mixture, which was silenced by the piece «five cents» American to provide nickel metal for other uses! This marked the beginning of a new era that began after the Second World War, characterized by its great appetite for the consumption of silver for industrial purposes where its use was economically feasible or where no other metal could replace silver. And because modern industries and technologies not only swallowed the world's huge production, but began to consume from the stock of old and traded in cash, the value of silver has been strengthened precious metal, and continuously, started silver coins have an actual value exceeding the nominal value, which led the governments of the world to withdraw from circulation and money Of nickel and copper replaced.

    The history of silver in the 1970s saw an unprecedented chapter in history. When the American brothers Nelson and William Hunt tried to monopolize all the world's silver.

    Silver is a very light gray metal that touches the whiteness. It is characterized by its very strong surface shine. To the point that if this surface is polished to a glass texture, the color almost disappears. Silver reflects more than 90% of the light falling on it to resemble a mirror.

    In fact, the color of silver is so magnificent that it bears the name of the metal. The silver color, though many used to talk about in all shiny gray, is unique. The sensitive eye can distinguish silver (if not coated with any other metal like platinum or rhodium) from any other metal, no matter how fine it is, such as platinum, palladium, iron, chromium and other gray-colored metals.

    Silver Caliber:

    One of the most famous silver bullets used in the manufacture of jewelry and decorative tools, the so-called «Sterling Sterling», a mixture of 925 parts of silver and 75 parts of copper in a thousand. In the United States, laws define the percentage of pure silver in anything as a minimum necessary to market something as "silver".

    Other silver calipers are British Silver, which has 958 parts per thousand of pure silver and is used in the food industry.

    But these carefully calculated caliber is relatively recent. Many cultures have gone out of their way, especially in the past and where the goldsmith has relied on coins as the main source of silver for jewelery. This explains the low rates of pure silver in some of the jewels that Yemen has been famous for in the past two centuries. Most of them are made of coins with a level of silver ranging from 80 to 85 per cent. The same applies to some European factory products of decorative tools that contain small and limited amounts of silver, which may reach less than 50 percent, which requires coating the product with pure silver to increase the brightness of its color and gloss.

    It should be noted that the works of pure silver, which does not bear "stamp" refers to the caliber is very few in the markets. The caliber of the caliber on the silver piece is to ensure its truth and manipulation is equivalent to most of the laws of most countries of the world, forging cash.SILVER

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    اسامة السالمي
    writer and blogger, founder of lazord jewelry .

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